Cyber Security Breach | How Occurs | Full Explaination by Pawan Chaudhary | Mission IT Education | HACKIN5MIN.COM



Cyber Security Breach | How Occurs | Full Explaination by Pawan Chaudhary | Mission IT Education


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Cyber Security Breach: 

A data breach is the intentional or unintentional release of secure or private/confidential information to an untrusted environment. Other terms for this phenomenon include unintentional information disclosure, data leak, information leakage and also data spill. Incidents range from concerted attacks by black hats, or individuals who hack for some kind of personal gain, associated with organized crime, political activist or national governments to careless disposal of used computer equipment or data storage media and unhackable source.
Definition: "A data breach is a security incident in which sensitive, protected or confidential data is copied, transmitted, viewed, stolen or used by an individual unauthorized to do so."[1] Data breaches may involve financial information such as credit card or bank details, personal health information (PHI), Personally identifiable information (PII), trade secrets of corporations or intellectual property. Most data breaches involve overexposed and vulnerable unstructured data – files, documents, and sensitive information.[2]
According to the nonprofit consumer organization Privacy Rights Clearinghouse, a total of 227,052,199 individual records containing sensitive personal information were involved in security breaches in the United States between January 2005 and May 2008, excluding incidents where sensitive data was apparently not actually exposed


Security breach notification laws

 Data breach notification laws are laws that require an individuals or entities affected by a data breach, to notify their customers and other parties about the breach and take specific steps remedy the situation based on state legislature. Such laws have been irregularly enacted in all 50 U.S. states since 2002, with the last 3 states having no privacy laws protecting citizens as late as 2016. New Mexico only passed their privacy law in 2017 and South Dakota and Alabama in 2018 . These laws were enacted in response to an escalating number of breaches of consumer databases containing personally identifiable information.[1]

The first such law, the California data security breach notification law,[2] was enacted in 2002 and became effective on July 1, 2003.[3] As related in the bill statement, law requires "a state agency, or a person or business that conducts business in California, that owns or licenses computerized data that includes personal information, as defined, to disclose in specified ways, any breach of the security of the data, as defined, to any resident of California whose unencrypted personal information was, or is reasonably believed to have been, acquired by an unauthorized person." In addition, the law permits delayed notification "if a law enforcement agency determines that it would impede a criminal investigation." The law also requires any entity that licenses such information to notify the owner or licensee of the information of any breach of the security of the data.


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Cyber Security Breach | How Occurs | Full Explaination by Pawan Chaudhary | Mission IT Education


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